the airlift to biafra


The B iafra airlift was officially called Joint Church Aid (JCA), it was initiated by Fr. Tony byrne CSSP, but the dare-devil pilot called it the Jesus Christ airline with a swagger of pride and hint of awe. for almost two amazing years (1967-1970), JCA kept a small , breakaway  west African  state alive, refusing to allow starvation to be used as weapon of war.

It flew 5,314 extremely dangerous mission , carrying 60,000 tons of humanitarian aid and save millions of lives. the starting point for their flights was the former Portuguese colony sao tom, less than an hour from the destination.

The lumbering DC-6s and temperamental super constellations flew at night  from  the island so Sao Tome off the coast of west  Africa into a tiny airstrip carved from the dense bush,  with a weak NDB and  generator skimming blind the guns and fighters of the enemy.

The flights were undertaken under cover of darkness and without light to avoid attacking Nigeria aircraft who maintained air superiority during the day, supported by soviet fishing trawlers offshore, monitoring the flight .

Each aircraft made as many as four round-trips each night into Uli. The aircraft – nearly all of which were civilian and operated by civilian pilots – were based, fueled, repaired, and maintained at the supply end of the airlift, not in Biafra.
Three were destroyed on the ground at Uli by Nigerian aircraft. Attacking aircraft were frequently nearby trying to catch the air lifters while landing or on the ground, forcing pilots to hover in darkness until an all-clear was sounded and runway lights could be activated barely long enough to enable a speedy landing.
Separation between aircraft in the air was maintained by cockpit radio communication between pilots as there was no radar. Hostile aircraft were flown by mercenaries who taunted airlift pilots over the radio and used call signs such as “Genocide”.
Approaches were made low over the treetops and landing was made without runway lights some times. At times the brief illumination of the runway lights could provide sufficient bearing for the attacking aircraft.
Once on the ground Air and ground crew frequently had to evacuate the aircraft after landing and take cover from attacking aircraft in trenches alongside the runway. Radio broadcasts from Uli normally used code, such as “no landing lights” for “Air Raid”.
At its peak, Uli “airport” – really just a widened road – was the busiest in all of Africa, handling up to 50 flights a night, and each flight broke some international law.
Each of the old planes had its own JCA logo – two fishes, one of the earliest symbols of Christianity.
JCA lost 25 pilots and crew to the guns and bombs of the Nigerian forces intent on enforcing the Biafran blockade. The Nigerian military government of the day refused steadfastly to allow relief flights or any other form of humanitarian aid into Biafra.
Thirteen of the amateur pilots — some of them priests — lost their lives during a mission that was officially illegal, but had the blessings of the Pope.
Despite JCA’s best efforts, it is estimated some 1 or more million Biafrans starved to death.
After the war it was decided that due to political sensitivity, members of JCA would wait 25-30 years before telling their unique story. Fr. Byrne wrote a book in 1997 chronicling this amazing humanitarian project titled Airlift to Biafra, which is available on-line through major book sellers.
Worth to read especially for us who love Biafra.



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