UNDERSTANDING THE distinction BETWEEN CITIZENSHIP OF A SOVEREIGN STATE.

UNDERSTANDING THE distinction BETWEEN CITIZENSHIP OF A SOVEREIGN
STATE and therefore the autochthonic IDENTITY OF A PEOPLE:


The international organisation Declaration on the Rights of indigenous Peoples, Res. 61/295 of 2007 and Articles 19-22, African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Ratification and Enforcement) Act, Cap 10, Laws of the Federation of nigeria 1990 (now LFN 2004) build it clear that there’s a distinction between the citizenship of a sovereign country and therefore the
indigenous identities of the peoples that dwell within the country. an ideal example of this situation is that the uk wherever the Scots, Welsh, Irish and therefore the Anglo-Saxons maintain their autochthonic identities as completely different peoples however of constant British citizenship. within the same way, the indigenous individuals of Biafra are Nigerians by citizenship however Biafrans by autochthonic identity.


The traditional Map of continent in 1662 that we’ve got filed within the Federal judicature Owerri showed the 3 kingdoms in geographic area from wherever the new country known as “Nigeria” was created by the colonial masters. The 3 kingdoms were as follows: The Kingdom of Zamfara within the North; the dominion of Biafra within the East; and therefore the Kingdom of Benin within the West. These 3 Kingdoms existed on the Map of continent for over four hundred years before nigeria was created in 1914. The Kingdoms of Biafra and Benin shared common boundaries and had the ocean within the South with direct access to the ocean through their
bays called Bight of Biafra and Bight of Benin. The word “Bight” is associate degree Anglo-Saxon word for “Bay” rather like the Bay Beach in port. The fourth kingdom called Oyo Empire was not contained within the ancient Map of continent in 1662 however it absolutely was conjointly a good kingdom in West Africa as delineate in Section four.11 – 4.14 of those Policy Statements.


At Pages eighteen and nineteen of the Book, “Biafra or Nigerian Presidency- What the Ibos Want”, printed by our Legal authority beneath the ISBN 978-0-9573250-0-5, the learned author advocating for the rights of autochthonic individuals of Biafra expressed as follows: “The Map of Africa made by the Portuguese from 1492 – 1729 shows Biafra as an outsized territory Triticum spelta as “Biafara”, “Biafar” and “Biafares” having boundaries with such empires as ethiopia, Sudan, Bini, Kamerun, Congo, Gabon, and others. it absolutely was in 1843 that the Map of continent showed the country Triticum spelta as “Biafra” having some components of the fashionable day Cameroon at intervals its boundary as well as the controversial Bakassi terra firma. the first territory of Biafra was not restricted to this eastern nigeria alone. consistent with the maps, the Portuguese travelers used the word “Biafara” to explain the whole region of the Lower Niger River and
eastwards up to the Cameroon Mountain and all the way down to the eastern coastal tribes, thus including components of Cameroon and Gabonese Republic. nation had diplomatic dealings with Biafrans
before nigeria was created. John Beecroft was nation diplomatist of the Bight of Biafra from 30th Gregorian calendar month 1849 to tenth june 1854 together with his headquarters in Fernando Po within the Bight of Biafra.
The city of Fernando Po is currently known as Bioko in Republic of Equitorial Guinea. it absolutely was from the Bight of Biafra that John Beecroft, desirous to management the interchange the west and supported by Christian missionaries at Badagry, bombarded port that became a British colony in 1851 and was formally ceded to Queen Victoria, the Queen of European country in 1861, in whose honour Victoria Island port was named. Therefore, nation had established their presence in Biafraland
before they annexed port in 1861. The left a part of the Gulf of Guinea opposite the Bight of Biafra was selected on the Map of continent as Bight of Benin. Therefore, Biafra was a sovereign entity with its own geographical territory clearly shown on the Map of 3 continent before the approaching of the white men rather like the traditional nations of ethiopia, Egypt, Sudan, etc.


The Biafra Nation experienced autonomous democracies among its clans as experienced among the Igbo today. Actually, the Republic of Biafra that was declared in 1967 by General Odumegwu Ojukwu wasn’t a brand new country however a shot to revive the traditional Biafra Nation that existed before nigeria was created by the British”. we tend to currently adopt this book in its entireness as the operating tool for the Biafran Independence Movement and Liberation Struggle and do recommend that each Biafran ought to get a replica of the book and skim it properly. The book is
available on-line at the Amazon shop and all told the Offices of autochthonic individuals of Biafra as portrayed by Bilie Human Rights Initiative.


3.4. In continent and Asia, the merging of various peoples by the force of colonial masters to create new countries within the world like Nigeria caused the stubborn issues of instability of states leading to ethnic violence and constant bloodshed because the peoples notice themselves incompatible in their lifestyles, customs, traditions and philosophies of life.

The peoples were presented with the citizenships of the new countries created by the colonial masters whether or not they liked it or not. this can be a reality of history inflicting non secular and ethnic violence in African country at the instant. the sole thanks to solve this drawback of national instability, bloodshed and ethnic violence is by the knowledge of the law. Thus, the law permits the indigenous peoples of the land to keep up their autochthonic identities albeit they need been presented with the citizenship of their new countries. most significantly, the law confers on the autochthonic peoples of the land the correct to self-determination. At the instant, the Scots are seeking to exercise their right to self-determination and establish Scotland as a sovereign nation freelance from the good Britain. within the same means the autochthonic individuals of Biafra
are seeking to exercise their right to self-determination and re-establish their ancient country of Biafra as a sovereign nation freelance from Nigeria.

  • UNDERSTANDING THE LEGITIMACY OF THE CUSTOMARY LAW GOVERNMENT OF INDIGENOUS individuals OF BIAFRA HEADED BY THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF ELDERS:
    Many folks have puzzled whether or not the Supreme Council of Elders of autochthonic People of Biafra otherwise known as the SCE may be a legitimate government beneath the law with power to anipulate the remnants of the Biafrans and their descendants UN agency weren’t consumed in the war between Nigeria and Biafra in 1967–1970. The question of the legitimacy of the Government of autochthonic individuals of Biafra headed by the Supreme Council of Elders arises because many folks lack adequate information of the Nigerian system. luckily, the Chairman of the Supreme Council of Elders of autochthonic individuals of Biafra may be a retired Chief
    Judge and Head of the Judiciary still as a Royal Father and protector of the Native Laws and Customs of the land. The Legal authority and Solicitor for autochthonic individuals of Biafra may be a
    practising attorney & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of African country still because the Solicitor and Advocate of the Senior Courts of European country & Wales. The Supreme Council of Elders conjointly has legal luminaries as members. each the Legal authority and therefore the Chairman of the SCE are competent authorities in national, international and customary laws with reference to Nigeria.
    we tend to currently state the Nigerian law because it is. There ar four pillars of the Nigerian Legal System far-famed within the tutorial circles because the Four Sources of the Nigerian Law. These four
    pillars or sources of the Nigerian Law ar as follows:

    Customary Law/Sharia Law;
    The Received English Law;
    Statute Law; and
    Case Law.
    For any establishment, act, body or organization to be lawful in Nigeria, it should be based mostly on anybody or additional of the four pillars of the Nigerian system. we’ve got listed the four
    sources of the Nigerian law in an exceedingly falling order of importance with Customary Law and Sharia Law taking the pre-eminent position to point out that they preceded the opposite body of laws. Customary Law and shariah law ar equal within the hierarchy of laws however Customary Law is unwritten whereas shariah law may be a written non secular code. every of the pillars of the Nigerian
    Legal System has its own special characteristics and rules by that it’s tested for acceptability pretty much as good law however this subject is on the far side the scope of those Policy Statements.
  • We have noted that almost all African countryns ar blind to the inspiration of Nigeria as a rustic and therefore the
    jurisprudence of the Nigerian laws (the philosophy and reason behind the laws). Some individuals have puzzled whether or not the Supreme Council of Elders (SCE) is legal or contraband and whether or not we have committed the offence of treason by establishing the Customary Law Government of Indigenous individuals of Biafra. this can be a awfully serious issue that has to be processed currently. In order to educate and enlighten the entire world on the rule of law beneath the Nigerian system, and knowing that lack of information results in worry and enslavement, we tend to currently direct that these Policy Statements and Orders ought to be printed to the entire world for the advantage of all Indigenous individuals of Biafra scattered all told components of the planet.

  • Sections thirty seven, thirty eight and forty one of the Criminal Code, Laws of the Federation of African country, define Treason and treasonous Felonies. someone who levies war against the Nigerian
    Government or the govt of an area with the intention to intimidate, overthrow or overawe the President or Governor, or conspires with someone either at intervals or while not Nigeria to levy war against Federal Republic of Nigeria or against an area, or instigates a foreigner to invade Nigeria or an area with associate degree armed force is guilty of treason and is susceptible to the social control of
    death upon conviction. The Regions ar currently known as States beneath the new Constitution. On the other hand, someone UN agency forms associate degree intention to overthrow the President or Governor, or to levy war against Nigeria or against the State, or to instigate a foreigner to form associate degree armed invasion against Nigeria or the States, associate degreed manifests such associate degree intention by an raw act is guilty of a treasonous crime and is susceptible to imprisonment on conviction.

  • From these definitions of treason and treasonous felonies, the particular act of levying war against the Nigerian Government or the State or conspiracy to levy war or the act of instigating a foreigner to invade Nigeria with associate degree armed force, amounts to treason whereas the mere intention to commit treason is treasonous crime once the defendant has manifested such an intention by associate degree raw act. The Supreme Council of Elders of autochthonic individuals of Biafra has not levied any war against the African countryn Government or any State in Nigeria and has no
    intention to overthrow the President or Governor with associate degree armed force or to instigate any person to invade Nigeria or associate degreey State with an armed force. once a number of the pro-Biafran activists light-emitting diode by adult male. Nnamdi Kanu of the Radio Biafra London created inciting comments calling for violence and war against the Nigerian Government, and vulnerable to kill some Igbo leaders and their families, the Supreme Council of Elders ostracized him and his 5 followers by a Disclaimer dated 12th might 2014 beneath Customary Law. this can be conclusive evidence that the govt of autochthonic individuals of Biafra headed by the Supreme Council of Elders operates at intervals the law. By the rule of Customary Law, once an individual is ostracized by the elders, he can’t be accepted within the community once more for keeps unless he repents and performs some customary rites to appease the elders and therefore the land. If he fails to repent and appease the elders of the land and dies, the ostracism continues against his descendants. It is
    very serious rather like the osu class structure.

  • we’ve got noted that almost all Nigerians are blind to the inspiration of Nigeria as a country and why the Nigerian Constitution makes provisions for the apply of each Customary Law and shariah law and has really established Customary Courts and sharia law Courts. Before we tend to commenced the action between Biafra and Nigeria within the Federal High Court Owerri, our lawyers dole out in depth legal researches in European country and obtained all the necessary documentary proof from nation Authorities. These documents ar currently before the Federal judicature Owerri. we tend to cannot point out the deserves of the case to avoid violating the Rule of legal however we are able to point out the contents of the documents as a result of they are public documents that someone will get from nation Library or British National Archives. These documents were obtained by our lawyers and created public by virtue of the continued case between Biafra and Nigeria within the Federal judicature Owerri.
    4.7. we tend to shall currently disclose the explanation for the preservation and protection of the Customary Law and shariah law by the Nigerian Constitution. we tend to ar aware that this data isn’t
    contained within the Jurisprudence of the Nigerian system that our students ar tutored in the Nigerian Universities and Nigerian Law colleges. The Customary Law and shariah law ar accepted as existing laws that were in effect now before the Nigerian Constitution.
    Section 315 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria preserves and protects all the existing laws of the autochthonic peoples of the land that were in effect before African country was
    created. this can be why the Constitution acknowledges each Customary Law and shariah law applicable to the South and therefore the North severally. however why did the Nigerian Constitution
    make such a provision for the native laws of the autochthonic peoples of the land to stay effective? the solution is seen from the Treaties signed between nation Government and our ancestors from 1882 – 1889 that we’ve got filed within the Federal judicature Owerri.
    4.8. The Treaties signed between our ancestors and therefore the British Government 1882 – 1889 clearly preserved the apply of our Customary Law Government. There was no country called Nigeria at that point and no concept that a brand new country would be created in geographic area by the British individuals.
  • The Treaties stipulated that British individuals mustn’t interfere with the customary law governance of our country then breathing once nation came to West Africa. A typical provision at Page twenty four of the written agreement Documents placed associate degree obligation on the British Government within the following words: “To respect all native laws and customs of the country, and to not interfere with the prevailing rights of any of the natives while not initial obtaining their consent”. This provision was created as a result of British individuals came for trade under the name of the Royal Niger Company Ltd and our ancestors granted them license to trade in our land however to not interfere with the govt of our country then breathing.

  • There was a rustic known as Biafra shown within the Ancient Map of continent 1492 – 1843. The Biafrans ar a number of the autochthonic peoples of the lands wherever African country exists nowadays. This is 6 why the Nigerian Constitution has forever incorporated all the native laws and customs of the indigenous peoples of the land beneath Customary Law and shariah law as a part of the Nigerian
    Legal System. however the basic drawback is that British individuals went on the far side the agreement and created a brand new country in 1914 known as “Nigeria” while not the consent of the indigenous peoples of the lands. sadly, solely only a few individuals in African country have this knowledge. It seems that the Northerners ar wiser in victimization the shariah law to manipulate themselves as nation at intervals African country, though we tend to condemn the overzealous perspective of some Moslems who request to force their faith on everyone.

  • It’s seen as associate degree unfortunate development that within the apply of the Received English Law, several Nigerians forgot their customary and sharia law laws by that that they had been governed before the approaching of nation. The Northerners completed the error in time and sought to revive their sharia law Government. Most of the States in Northern African country have elevated the shariah law to legislation by passing the Bills in their States’ homes of
    Assembly to become State Laws despite the very fact that some Southerners and foreigners sleep in those sharia law States. so as to enforce the shariah law, the North created the HISBA Police.
    However, it’s wrong to use the shariah law to a foreigner. the foremost drawback is their want to extend the shariah law to any or all components of Nigeria. within the same means, tho’ while not the assistance of the State homes of Assembly within the East, the autochthonic individuals of Biafra have revived their Customary Law that is associate degree unwritten body of laws and created Ndinche because the Customary Security Personnel to enforce the choices and orders of the Supreme Council of Elders.

  • Since the govt of autochthonic individuals of Biafra was established beneath Customary Law consistent to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of African country 1999, the Council of Elders of autochthonic individuals of Biafra is that the highest organ of state to that everybody, each establishment and each department shall submit. It shall be known as the Supreme Council of Elders (SCE). The Council shall confirm its composition in an exceedingly representative
    pattern to replicate all components of Biafraland as well as the South East, components of the South-South and parts of the center Belt, that have accepted their identity as Biafrans.

  • Regarding our autochthonic identity as Biafrans, we tend to assert that from the traditional map of Africa 1492 – 1843, notably the Map of continent 1662 and 1707 that we’ve got filed within the
    Federal judicature, there have been 3 kingdoms in geographic area from wherever the new country called “Nigeria” was created in 1914, namely, the dominion of Zamfara within the North; the Kingdom of Biafra within the East; and therefore the Kingdom of Benin within the West. The tilt regarding the Benin Kingdom and Oduduwa Kingdom (which one arose first) in geographic area isn’t in issue here. within the precedent days, the dominion of Benin extended to most components of geographic area including Benin and African nation. The Oyo Empire wasn’t contained within the ancient Map of
    Africa 1662 however it absolutely was one among the best empires in {west africa|West continent|geographical area|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region}. it absolutely was recorded in history that the exiled aristocrat Ekaladerhan of the {benin|Benin|Republic of Benin|Dahomey|African country|African nation} Empire left Benin Kingdom and settled in Ile Ife within the twelfth Century before the increase of Oyo Empire within the fourteenth Century. The Oyo Empire grew in power and splendour and engulfed up most components of geographic area and a few components of the North with headquarters in Yorubaland. the dominion of Biafra at that point extended to the present day Republic of Equitorial Guinea and a few components of African nation and Gabonese Republic whereas the Kingdom of Zamfara extended to this day Niger Republic and Chad. Benin is currently called Benin Republic. the reality is that each autochthonic person presently lodging within the 7 geographical area known as “Nigeria” has his or her ancestral roots from anybody of those 3 or four kingdoms.

  • By the capricious sharing of African lands at the Berlin Conference in Germany in 1884- 1885 to form new countries, the colonial masters placed some autochthonic individuals of Biafra into the new country known as “Nigeria” and left others in Cameroon, Gabonese Republic and Equatorial Guinea. They conjointly sliced some autochthonic individuals of Zamfara into “Nigeria” and left some in the present day Niger Republic and Chad. within the same means, a number of the autochthonic individuals of Benin Kingdom and Oduduwa Kingdom were sliced into “Nigeria” et al were left in other countries in geographic area.

  • The indigenes of those 3 or four kingdoms had and still have completely different customs, traditions and social norms and values. Their systems of state were and ar still conjointly different. They lived in their separate geographical habitations however interacted among
    themselves in trades and commerce before the approaching of the colonial masters. In their sociopolitical and economic developments, these ancient kingdoms had inter-tribal wars among themselves rather like the Europeans fought the Punic wars among themselves. They were forced to become “Nigerians” while not their consent. it’s our submission that the inspiration of Nigeria as a rustic is so contraband as a result of it absolutely was created while not the consent of our ancestors who signed the Treaties with British people.

  • It’s stunning that of all the 3 or four ancient kingdoms from wherever “Nigeria” was carved out, solely Biafra has been singled out for extinction while not a memorial. The memory of Zamfara remains nowadays in Zamfara State. The memory of {benin|Benin|Republic of Benin|Dahomey|African country|African nation} remains nowadays in Benin City of Edo State and Benin Republic. The memory of Oyo remains in Oyo State. however there’s no memorial for Biafra. the sole memory of Biafra that was on the Map of continent till 1975 was the “Bight of Biafra” however General Murtala Muhammad created the Decree No.4 of 1975 and altered the name to “Bight of Bonny” in order that the name of Biafra would be forgotten forever. The Federal Republic of African country has maintained the Decree in its Laws that is currently known as the Bight of bonnie Act, Laws of the Federation of African country 2004.

  • Moreover, the impact of the Nigeria-Biafra war of 1967-1970 created some Biafrans to deny their ancestral identity in worry to avoid maltreatment. it’s our policy during this new Biafran Movement that any community or kinship group in Biafraland that denies its Biafran identity is free to join the opposite ethnic nationalities within the west or north within the exercise of their human rights without Compulsion. If the individuals within the community or kinship group ar divided in opinion on whether they ought to uphold their Biafran ancestral identity or reject it, the Supreme Council of Elders of autochthonic individuals of Biafra shall place in situ the mechanism to conduct a referendum for them to choose by easy majority vote.
    4.16. The structure structure of the govt of autochthonic individuals of Biafra beneath customary law shall be pragmatic, progressive and result-oriented to satisfy the wants of the people. At the instant, the human rights organization known as Bilie Human Rights Initiative
    representing autochthonic individuals of Biafra within the Federal judicature Owerri is that the solely pro- Biafra legal entity registered in African country that may defend all the autochthonic individuals of Biafra by law. Consequently, the human rights organization shall perform the duties appointed thereto beneath 8 the Power of attorney dated 13 Sept 2012 by that the Supreme Council of Elders authorized it to act as a national liberation movement for all autochthonic individuals of Biafra.

  • Pursuant to the present provision, the structure structure of the govt of autochthonic People of Biafra, till amended, modified or changed by the order of the Supreme Council of Elders, shall be as follows:
    ORGANOGRAM OF the govt OF INDIGENOUS individuals OF BIAFRA,
    INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHED beneath CUSTOMARY LAW PURSUANT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF Nigeria 1999
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